Full stops

Some information on the fullstop (or periods or dot, as the Americans call it).

Also you might like to know about the “three fullstops” or ellipsis as it’s more correctly known.

So let me pass on the following information from the excellent website “Grammar Book”.

The following is excellent advice.

But always remember to learn the style of your target publication by reading it.


Rule 1

Use the period after an indirect question.

Example He asked where his suitcase was.


Rule 2 

If words are omitted at the end of a quoted sentence, use ellipses (three spaced periods, with one space before and after each period) followed by the necessary ending punctuation mark.

Examples The regulation states, “All agencies must document overtime . . . .”

The original sentence read, The regulation states, “All agencies must document overtime or risk losing federal funds.”

She said, “Can you tell me what happened to . . . ?”


Rule 3 

If sentences are omitted between other sentences within a quotation, use three spaced periods after the ending punctuation mark of the preceding sentence.

Example The regulation states, “Agencies may risk losing federal funds . . . . All agencies will be audited annually.”  NOTE: Two spaces follow the ending punctuation mark.


Rule 4 

If the last word in the sentence ends in a period, do not follow it with another period.

Examples I know that M.D. She is my sister-in-law.
Please shop, cook, etc. I will do the laundry.


Rule 5 

Don’t use fullstops if not needed.

The style in journalism today is to do without fullstops, such as:

Dr    NSW    PhD    USA    Dept    km    am

Mr    Vic    BA    UK    Pty    Ltd    g    pm

Mrs    ACT    BSc    Anzac (not A.N.Z.A.C)    kg

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